There are 33 individual bones in the spinal column, and 23 discs with one per each pair of vertebrae. 6 in the neck, 12 in the middle of the back, and 5 in the lumbar area. They are numbered based on their location. The spinal cord is housed in the vertebral column. The nerve root is the segment of the spinal nerve that emerges from the spinal cord to innervate parts of the body.
Intervertebral discs are pads of cartilage structurally similar to a jelly-filled donut. Each disc has a tough outer capsule that distributes pressure to prevent damage to the vertebrae. The nucleus or inner jelly-like center acts as a shock absorber to keep the vertebrae apart and absorb impact from body movements.
The spine is beautifully intricate, but as a result it is susceptible to injury and degenerative disease that can damage one or more of these structures. There are numerous conditions that affect the spine from the neck to the lower back. Some of the many spine disorders Ortho Illinois treats are:
Degenerative spine and disc conditions:
- Cervical Spine Myelopathy
- Degenerative Disc Disease
- Herniated Disc(s)
- Intervertebral Disc Disease
- Nerve Root Injury and Plexus Disorders
- Pathological Spine Fracture
- Spine Deformities
- Spine Fractures
- Spinal Stenosis
- Thoracic Spine Myelopathy
- Traumatic Spine Fractures
Other spine conditions and disorders:
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Chronic Pain
- Osteoporosis and Vertebral Fractures
- Spinal Cord Cancer
- Spinal Tumors
A Multidisciplinary Team
At Ortho Illinois, our team of fellowship-trained and board-certified orthopedic spine experts, neurosurgeons, physical medicine & rehabilitation/injection specialists, and physical therapists work together to provide the most advanced and individualized care based on the latest research and guidelines.
Our multidisciplinary team approach gives patients with spine disorders access to all of our specialists with one call. Ortho Illinois is dedicated to providing personalized care that meets each patient’s needs to help them get back to good health as soon as possible. If you’re suffering from a spinal injury, back or neck pain, consider scheduling a consultation or second opinion with the renowned physicians at Ortho Illinois.